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  • Writer's pictureJoshua Kivisalo

"How Is the Middle East Market Transitioning from Linear to Circular Economy?"


Linear to circular economy


In recent years, the concept of a circular economy has gained significant traction globally as nations seek sustainable alternatives to the traditional linear economic model. This paradigm shift is particularly evident in the Middle East, where countries like the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and Saudi Arabia are spearheading initiatives aligned with their ambitious sustainability agendas, such as the UAE Green Agenda 2030 and Saudi Vision 2030. In this article, we delve into what a circular economy entails, explore the initiatives driving its adoption in the Middle East, and assess the future trajectory of sustainable development in the region.



Understanding the Circular Economy


At its core, the circular economy aims to minimize waste and maximize the value of resources by promoting a system of reuse, recycle, and regenerate. Unlike the traditional linear model, which follows a 'take-make-dispose' approach, the circular economy emphasizes closed-loop systems where products, materials, and resources are kept in circulation for as long as possible.


Driving Sustainability: UAE Green Agenda & Saudi Vision Investing heavy on Circular Economy



Middle East has embarked on a transformative journey towards sustainability, epitomized by the UAE Green Agenda and Saudi Vision. Both frameworks, UAE Green Agenda 2030 and Saudi Vision 2030, share a common goal: to transition from linear to circular economic models, thus fostering environmental stewardship and economic resilience.


UAE Green Agenda & Saudi Vision: A Unified Approach


  1. Resource Optimization: Both agendas prioritize resource efficiency across sectors, aiming to minimize waste generation and maximize productivity through sustainable practices. The UAE aims to achieve a 40% increase in resource efficiency by 2030, according to the UAE Ministry of Climate Change and Environment [source], while Saudi Arabia targets a 30% reduction in energy intensity as outlined in Saudi Vision 2030

  2. Waste Management: Comprehensive waste management strategies are central to their plans, promoting recycling, reducing landfill reliance, and encouraging sustainable consumption patterns. The UAE aims to divert 75% of its municipal solid waste away from landfills by 2021, as reported by the Environment Agency – Abu Dhabi [source], while Saudi Arabia has invested over $7 billion in waste management projects, according to the Saudi Press Agency [source].

  3. Innovation and Collaboration: Both the UAE and Saudi Arabia emphasize innovation and collaboration as key drivers for transitioning towards circular economies, investing in research, technology, and international partnerships. The UAE has launched initiatives like the Dubai Clean Energy Strategy 2050, targeting 75% clean energy sources by 2050, according to the Dubai Supreme Council of Energy [source], while Saudi Arabia's National Industrial Development and Logistics Program aims to attract $453 billion in investments by 2030, as stated by the Saudi Arabian General Investment Authority.


Future Prospects: Challenges and Opportunities


While the transition to a circular economy presents immense opportunities for economic growth and environmental preservation, it also entails challenges. These include the need for robust policy frameworks, increased investment, behavioral change, and capacity building.


In conclusion, the UAE Green Agenda and Saudi Vision represent bold commitments towards sustainable development in the Middle East. By synergizing efforts and embracing circular economy principles, the region can unlock new pathways for prosperity, resilience, and environmental stewardship in the years to come.





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